Big-Data Applications in the US Government


Source : Scality

Big Data Research and Development Initiative
In March 2012, the federal government launched the Big Data Research and Development Initiative with $200 million in new spending to improve the tools/techniques needed to track, access, organize, store, model, and analyze information and glean discoveries from huge volumes of digital data. This initiative is focused on government’s use of Big Data for scientific discovery, environmental and biomedical research, education, and national security and includes the following:

The Department of Defense (DOD) is investing approximately $60 million annually for new projects that will harness and utilize massive data in new ways and bring together sensing, perception, and decision support to make truly autonomous systems that can learn from experience, maneuver and make decisions on their own, and understand the limits of their knowledge. DOD is also planning to improve situational awareness to help warfighters and analysts and provide increased support to operations.
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is beginning the XDATA program, with $25 million annually for four years to develop computational techniques and software tools for analyzing large volumes of data, both semistructured and unstructured (text documents and message traffic).
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) are investing in Big Data science and engineering. This research is focused on managing, analyzing, visualizing, and extracting useful information from large data sets; the NIH is particularly interested in those relating to health and disease — molecular, cellular, electrophysiological, chemical, behavioral, epidemiological, and clinical.
The Department of Energy will provide $25 million in funding to establish the Scalable Data Management, Analysis, and Visualization (SDAV) Institute. Led by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the SDAV Institute will bring together the expertise of six national laboratories and seven universities to develop new tools to help scientists manage and visualize data on the department’s supercomputers.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) launched Big Data for Earth System Science. This initiative will improve understanding of species response to climate change, earthquake recurrence rates, and the next generation of ecological indicators.

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